Common Skin Diseases

The eczema is a common, non-contagious skin disease that begins in infancy, usually for the eczema, certain skin areas are chronically inflamed, or the inflammatory reaction of the skin occurs repeatedly relapsing. The atopic dermatitis is also known as Atopic Eczema or atopic dermatitis. The word atopic should in this context express, that caused the relapsing occurring inflammatory reactions of the skin, usually without visible external influences. Also atopic diseases include asthma and hay fever. Atopic Dermatitis has with these diseases in common, that the immune system responds to actually harmless environmental substances known as allergens, with a strong defense.

What are the causes of eczema? It is not known which raised exactly the eczema. Mechanical irritation of the skin can have an influence on the outbreak itself, or on the intensity of the skin disease, as well as food, a wide range of allergens, certain weather conditions or infections, as well as stress. However, the inflammatory skin changes caused by the violent reaction of the immune system to certain allergens. Against these actually harmless environmental substances, certain white blood cells, which are usually responsible for combating harmful foreign substances aimed for the eczema. This made large amounts of antibodies, immune substances, including the immunoglobulin E, short IgE. Together with cytokines, the messengers in the immune system, the IgE throws this inflammatory immune response in the skin.

Because the body also simultaneously histamine pours out the neurotransmitter, which still promotes inflammation, it comes to the unpleasant itching, which is typical of the atopic dermatitis. The symptoms of atopic dermatitis in people who suffer from Atopic Dermatitis, lack specific skin fat and the skin can retain moisture limited, what, typical, dry skin with scales formation leads to the for atopic dermatitis. She also affected can Be formation of welding, as well as the regulation of temperature and blood circulation. Highly prejudicial, most sufferers feel the itching. This can be sometimes very distressing and therefore greatly affect the quality of life. The treatment of the healing of the skin disease eczema is has not been possible, however, it is possible to positively influence the course of the disease with the right therapy measures. It is important to support the heavily stressed skin regularly to maintain them and to grease with fat, rich and moisturizing lotions. External drug treatment is carried out mostly with cortisone-containing ointments or creams, or known as calcineurin inhibitors, which block the secretion of neurotransmitters in the skin, and stop to the inflammatory reaction of the skin. Cortisone drugs suppress a too violent reaction of the immune system and so the skin inflammation, relieve should however not over a longer period be applied, because a long application of Cortisone can have a dilution of the treated skin areas result. Calcineurin inhibitors, unlike cortisone preparations, also for the face and neck area are suitable and have many side effects with longer duration of use, is cortisone intolerance preferred to give them. No improvement is achieved by the external treatment, an internal treatment of atopic dermatitis is possible. This can be done through the use of antihistamines, or through the administration of cortisone. Because eczema however varies from patient to patient in intensity, type and cause, is the exact method of therapy with a doctor to determine.